In this life every day we often hear the term knowledge. As is well known, knowledge is crucial for human civilization both in terms of technological progress, health sciences, social, and so forth. But poly based on us do not understand what knowledge is? Well, to understand it see the following complete lighting below.
The field of knowledge or science is generally classified along 2 main lines:Natural sciences, the study of natural global, andSocial sciences, the systematic study of human conduite & society.A. Understanding knowledge
In the grand dictionary Indonesian knowledge or science is defined as a systematic study obtained through an observation, research, and has been tested that leads to a determination using the basic nature or in the form of the principle of something that is being studied, investigated, and so on. Knowledge has the primary characteristic of a study that deals using a combination of news or truths that are systematically arranged and describes the operation of generic rules: for example, mathematics. Notoatmodjo (2007)
Knowledge is the output of understanding after a person has been sensing an exclusive object. Sensing occurs through the five tools owned by humans, namely the sense of sound, sight, smell, taste and groping. Known as the greatness of knowledge obtained by human people, namely through the sense of sight and sounding. Bates (2005)
Knowledge is a fact that is given meaning and integrated using other understanding content. Dixon (2000)
Knowledge is the meaningful link that people make in their minds between information and its application to action in exclusive settings. Smith & Webster (2000)
Knowledge is the accumulation based on everything that the organization knows and uses in carrying out its affairs.
With the various definitions mentioned above, it can be concluded that the definition of knowledge is an understanding built by the analysis of news. Knowledge is often embedded in people and can be improved through acquired coverage and the output of interactions using others.B.Objective observation: Measurement &data (perhaps even though nir must use mathematics as a tool)ProofExperiments and/or observations as a tolokukur to test hypothesesInduction: the reason for setting general rules or conclusions taken according to information or examplesRepetitionCritical analysisVerification and testing: critical overview of surveillance, peer review & evaluationC. Types of Knowledge1. Implicit Knowledge
Implicit knowledge is a knowledge that has been embedded in the original form based on one’s experience and contains many factors that are said to be still not real as models such as perspectives, personal beliefs and principles. Implicit knowledge is the application of explicit knowledge. A skill that can be transferred based on one job to another is the error of one example of implicit knowledge.
Implied knowledge is the simple implementation of explicit knowledge. There may be poly models of implied knowledge around us. For example, a person asks a team member how to do a task. This can trigger conversations about the various ways to perform tasks, as well as potential outputs, which points to the right process for choosing the best course of action. It is the implicit knowledge of the team members that directs the dialogue about how to do something and what can happen. In addition, the best practices &skills that can be transferred from one job to another are examples of implicit knowledge. Explicit Knowledge
Explicit knowledge is knowledge that is easily articulated, written, and shared. Explicit knowledge is knowledge that has been systematically documented and stored in concrete form either in the form of media, or others. Results based on this knowledge have generally been on articulation to a formal form, easy to understand and nisbi easy to share widely with the public. Examples of raw coverage that has been stored are content on websites such as jagad.id. As another example based on explicit knowledge, namely company data sheets, research reports, etc. These are examples of explicit knowledge. Empirical Knowledge
Reality knowledge is a knowledge that prioritizes observation and experience or more commonly known as posteriori knowledge. To be able to get this type of knowledge requires an observation that must be done in a rational &empirical way. This knowledge of reality can be developed into narrative type knowledge which is a person’s knowledge of deciphering and describing using a great deal of illumination related to all the characteristics, as well as the influence possessed in empirical objects.
This empirical knowledge can actually be gained through an individual’s personal experience that occurs repeatedly in his or her life. For example, a person who is elected to be a leader in an organization then it can be ascertained that the person has knowledge about how to manage the organization perfectly. Tactical Knowledge
Strategic knowledge is knowledge possessed and collected based on experience and exclusive context. This knowledge is coverage that, when asked, will be very difficult to write, articulate, or present in concrete form. As a model, a person has knowledge of how to create popular recipes for his family. Then, if he gives a recipe card, but when you try it yourself, you feel something is missing and not the same as the person who made it. After years of experience, the person has been investigating the right feeling for the dough, or how worn something should be on the roast. Sometimes there are many things that cannot be explained; But it can only be felt. Knowledge of Rationalism
Rationalism is a knowledge that can be acquired through the logic of the mind. Rationalism is more prioritized according to a knowledge that does not have an emphasis on the based on individual experience. For example rational knowledge can be seen from mathematical knowledge which in mathematics the result of the sum of decimal numbers from 1 + 1 = two Of course this is not obtained according to experience and empirical observations, but tends through the mind to be able to think logically.
Of course, we often hear the quote “Life is a choice”. Life is what must be lived by all human beings who are born on the face of this earth. Humans will experience various feelings in their lives, such as happy, sad, angry, anxious, scared, happy, falling in love, etc. In the process of life, there are many cases, trials, obstacles, which sometimes interfere with success in a person’s life. What a person feels is influenced by his choice earlier and the accuracy of solving cases is determined by the knowledge possessed.
Science is a great wealth of knowledge possessed by individuals who distinguish individuals from other individuals. Science can be obtained from anywhere, as long as there is an intention to find it by focusing. Broadly speaking, science consists of two primary sources, namely: 1. Personal Experience
There is an old saying that “experience is the best teacher.” The cause of experience is called being the best teacher is because through the experience of a person applying the knowledge he has. When the process of applying science, the disability of knowledge possessed by one is exclusively corrected by the global reality. The cycle of learning continues to apply correction continuously to create a better person. Other People’s Experiences
The average life period of humans is only approximately 60-70 years. Just from personal experience gained based on a very short life period is impossible to make someone become an intelligent, wise, and kind person. Therefore, it is important for a person to learn based on the experience of others to add value to the science he has.
Other people’s experiences can be learned based on various media, such as live blog articles, biographies, autobiographies and someone’s useful posts on social media etc. To get more complete and more thorough news, other people’s experiences can be learned through discussions with others.